# Numbers in Maori

## Māori Language - Ngā Tau

### The numbers from 1-10 in Māori

Once you have learnt the basic ten numbers, it is very easy to count up to one hundred and beyond. These are numbers from 1 to 10 in Māori:

- 1 - tahi
- 2 - rua
- 3 - toru
- 4 - whā
- 5 - rima
- 6 - ono
- 7 - whitu
- 8 - waru
- 9 - iwa
- 10 - tekau

### Large numbers in Māori

All numbers
from 11 will now follow a basic pattern. For example to say twenty-two,
simple say *rua tekau*, which means 20 and then *mā rua*, ** Rua
tekau mā rua**. So all you have to do is learn the numbers from 1 - 10 and
then the words for 10, 20, 30, 40 and so on.

- 11 - tekau mā tahi
- 12 - tekau mā rua
- 13 - tekau mā toru
- 14 - tekau mā whā
- 15 - tekau mā rima
- 16 - tekau mā ono
- 17 - tekau mā whitu
- 18 - tekau mā waru
- 19 - tekau mā iwa
- 20 - rua tekau
- 21 - rua tekau mā tahi
- 22 - rua tekau mā rua
- 23 - rua tekau mā toru
- 30 - toru tekau
- 40 - whā tekau
- 50 - rima tekau
- 60 - ono tekau
- 70 - whitu tekau
- 80 - waru tekau
- 90 - iwa tekau
- 100 - kotahi rau
- 101 - kotahi rau tahi
- 111 - kotahi rau tekau mā tahi
- 200 - rua rau
- 234 - rua rau toru tekau mā whā
- 300 - toru rau
- 400 - whā rau
- 500 - rima rau
- 600 - ono rau
- 700 - whitu rau
- 800 - waru rau
- 900 - iwa rau
- 1000 - kotahi mano
- 1982 - kotahi mano, iwa rau, waru tekau mā rua
- 2000 - rua mano
- 2016 - rua mano, tekau mā ono
- 3000 - toru mano
- 4000 - whā mano
- 5000 - rima mano
- 6000 - ono mano
- 7000 - whitu mano
- 8000 - waru mano
- 9000 - iwa mano
- 10000 - tekau mano
- 1,000,000 - kotahi miriona
- 2,000,000 - rua miriona
- 3,000,000,000 - toru piriona

### Summary Chart

### Counting in Māori

When counting things (not people) in Māori, you use * E* before that number (but not joined to it). It is similar to saying "There are".

- E whā ngā kuri

(There are) four dogs

** Toko** is added to the beginning of a number when counting less than 10 PEOPLE. It answers the question "How many people are there?" So

*Tokorua*means

*there are two*.

- Tokohia āu tamariki?
**Tokotoru**

How many children do you have? Three

* Kotahi *is used when counting both ONE thing or ONE person.

- Kotahi te whare

(There is) one house.

**NOTE:** numbers higher than NINE do not have a prefix.

Look at examples of numbers with * Toko* and

*in the following chart:*

**E**1 | tahi | Kotahi te manu | = one bird |

2 | rua | E rua ngā kuri | = two dogs |

3 | toru | E toru ngā ngeru | = three cats |

4 | whā | E whā ngā rākau | = four trees |

5 | rima | E rima ngā heihei | = five chickens |

6 | ono | Toko ono ngā tāngata | = six people |

7 | whitu | Toko whitu ngā kōtiro | = seven girls |

8 | waru | Toko waru ngā tama | = eight boys |

9 | iwa | Toko iwa ngā tamariki | = nine children |

10 | tekau | Tekau ngā hipi | = ten sheep |

### How many...?

To ask how many (things) you say * E hia*...? But this rule is NOT used when counting people.

To ask how many people you say, * Tokohia*...?

### Ordinal Numbers in Māori

Ordinal numbers are ones that show a position, ranking or level. In English they are the numbers that usually have * -th* after them (e.g. 5th, 19th). In Māori ordinal numbers are created by adding the prefix

*to the number.*

**tua-**- 1st - tuatahi
- 2nd - tuarua
- 3rd - tuatoru
- 4th - tuawhā
- 5th - tuarima
- 6th - tuaono
- 7th - tuawhitu
- 8th - tuawaru
- 9th - tuaiwa

Ordinal numbers after the number nine do NOT have the prefix * tua-*.

### Teacher Resource

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